Quarterly financial results.. important things to note..!

Listed companies publish their performance in quarterly financial statements to the stock market. Financial Year in India starts from 1st April and ends on 31st March. Thus the quarters are completed in June, September, December and March.The quarter is named after the month in which it is completed. Currently, listed companies are publishing their financial results after the end of the December quarter (October, November, December). With the end of the March quarter, companies publish their full financial position results for the financial year. It is a norm that the company should report the quarterly financial details to the stock exchanges within 45 days of the completion of the quarter. Those who have invested in the company and who are planning to invest should pay close attention to this financial statement. Quarterly financial result plays a very important role in weighing the performance of a company. Nowadays companies don't just publish quarterly results.They publish details in comparison with the same quarter of the previous year and also publish advance notice (Guidance) of how the company's performance will be in the next few quarters. Important points to note in quarterly financial results of companies are: (1) Income growth..! A company's total revenue growth or sales growth is very important. It needs to increase both in terms of numbers and value.For example, if the number of cars sold and the total sales volume of a car manufacturing company increases, it means that the company is doing very well. This is because the company's smaller cars are more in demand if the number increases and the sales volume decreases; It means there is no demand for big cars and luxury cars. This will reduce the profit growth of the company.Generally, if total sales increase, demand for that company's products is high; It means business is growing.An increase in net sales is also necessary. Net sales are net sales minus the value of unsold goods returned from gross sales. If its growth rate is high, it means that the company's sales are good. (2) Profit margin..! In the profit of a company, there are two types of operating profit and non-operating profit. Operating profit is what a company earns from its main activity.It is important to note how much this profit margin is. If it is high and increasing it means that the company is doing well. A higher ratio means that the company is managing its costs very well.This operating profit comes from the services the company provides and the products it sells. Rental income to a company from its buildings,Interest and dividend income from its investments and profit from sale of assets are non-operating income. This income is often not sustainable. So, there is no need to worry too much about this income. But, operating income is very important. It is imperative to observe its increase and profit margin.Operating profit is net sales minus operating expenses.Operating expenses include employee salaries, office building rent, electricity bills, etc. Research and development expenses of companies like pharma also come under operating expenses. (3) Net profit growth A company is a good company if its sales increase at the same time as its profits increase. Profit growth should have increased compared to the same quarter of the previous year. That too the net profit remaining after income tax, interest expense should be more. This should have increased compared to the same quarter of the previous year.If the net profit of a company is high, then the price of that company's stock is likely to increase more. (4) Management's opinion..! A quarterly financial report contains a management commentary on how the company's performance will be for the current quarter and for the next few quarters. Through this, it will be known how the company is planning for the coming years. So it is necessary to read it carefully. (5) Quarterly financial results and share price change..! Share prices often change when companies release their quarterly financial results. (6) A poor quarterly result; Share price increase..! When quarterly financial results are released, net profit becomes more important. In fact, if the company's profits and earnings undergo a sudden change, the share price undergoes an immediate change. Even if net profit and earnings differ from analysts' expectations, the change in share price is immediate. A company's net sales and net profit have declined significantly during the particular quarter. However, the share price has started to rise after the release of the quarterly financial report. In this situation, what is the reason for this should be analyzed and seen.Even if the financial performance of the company is poor, there are many reasons why the share price rises. Company gets new orders despite poor quarterly result; The company plans to significantly reduce its debt in the coming quarters; The stock price may increase due to further expansion.As the future of the company looks good even if the quarterly results are not good, long-term investors will start adding more shares to the stock. Thus, the price of the stock will start to rise. (7) Good quarter result, share price decline..! Likewise, if the company's share price falls after good quarterly results are released, one should know the reason and act accordingly. If quarterly results fall short of market expectations, the share price may fall. Stock prices may fall even if stockbrokers lower their target price.Don't sell a stock just because a company's performance is poor in one quarter. Stocks should be sold only if the company's performance has been deteriorating for 3-4 consecutive quarters.At the same time, if the company's business, management, and future are complicated, short-term, medium-term, and long-term investors may find it profitable to sell the stock and exit. (8) Stock related things to watch out for..! Quarterly financial results are important for those who have invested in the stock and are going to do so. Earnings Per Share (EPS) in a particular quarter, book value of a share, share capital increase or decrease i.e. founders,The price of the stock fluctuates depending on the details of foreign financial institutions, domestic financial institutions (insurance companies, mutual fund companies) invested and sold in the shares.Also, what percentage of the shares held by the promoters are mortgaged? Has it increased at the end of the quarter? It should be observed whether it has decreased. If mortgages continue to rise, problems like Satyam Computer are likely to arise. If the founder's share capital continues to decline, it is better to exit the company.If the founder keeps increasing the share capital in the company, it means that he has high confidence in the growth of the company. Investment in shares can be continued and increased.Investing in a stock or selling a stock should be done based on the business environment of the company, its future plans, fundamentals, sales and profit growth, debt reduction, cost reduction. Hope you will be paying close attention to quarterly financial statements? (9) Quarter-Annual comparison: how to do? A company's financial statements for a particular quarter should be compared with the previous quarter and the same quarter of the previous year. If there is growth in both these levels, it means that the company is on the right growth path. Some industries can operate on a cyclical basis, and it is best to compare the quarterly results of such companies with the same quarter of the previous year. (10) Interest expense expense and equity investment..! How much total debt does the company have at the end of the quarter? Note how much interest is charged on it. If the proceeds from the sale are too much to pay interest on the loan, avoid making new investments in that company's stock. If the stock price does not rise properly if already invested then it is profitable to gradually sell the stock and exit. (1)-Bajaj Holdings & Investment Ltd. operates as an Investment Company and is registered as a Non-Banking Financial Institution – Investment and Credit Company with the Reserve Bank of India.Company has reduced debt. Company is almost debt free. Company has been maintaining a healthy dividend payout of 24.0% (2)- Emami Paper Mills Limited is engaged in production of Newsprint, Writing & Printing Paper and Multilayer Coated High-end Packaging Boards.Company has delivered good profit growth of 35.2% CAGR over last 5 years (3)- Goldiam International Ltd is engaged in the business of manufacturing and exporting gold and diamond jewelry to global retailers. Company is almost debt free. Company has delivered good profit growth of 32.7% CAGR over last 5 years Company has been maintaining a healthy dividend payout of 22.4% (4)-Garware Hi-Tech Films Limited (Formally Known as Garware Polyester Limited) is the pioneer and the largest exporters of polyester films in India with an experience of 3 decades. Also it is the sole manufacture of Solar Control window films in India and among the only 2 companies in the world having patented technology for manufacturing the UV stabilized dyed films and the only Company in the world with backward integration for manufacturing of its own raw material and all components for manufacture of Solar control window films. [1] It is a market leader with more than 90% market share in Shrink film manufacturing in India. Company has reduced debt. Company is almost debt free. Company has delivered good profit growth of 37.2% CAGR over last 5 years (5)- Jindal Drilling & Industries, part of the Dharam Pal Jindal Group, is a leading Indian company in offshore drilling and allied services, including directional drilling and mud logging. Company has delivered good profit growth of 42.8% CAGR over last 5 years

9 Important ratios that help you earn profit in stock investment..!

The stock market is one of the most important investments in today's times, offering returns higher than the rate of inflation and paying less income tax on profits. Although some people call this investment gambling, it is an investment game. It is necessary to observe 9 important Financial Ratios to win this game and earn more income. Let's look at them in detail one by one.These ratios tell investors about the quality of the company's underlying business, performance and earnings performance of the stock. (1) Earnings per share..! Earnings per share (EPS) is the amount of money a company earns per share over a period of time . Earnings per share is the company's net profit divided by the total number of shares outstanding. It is calculated on quarterly or annual basis. It is profitable to have more. A company's net profit is Rs. Let's say 1,000. The total number of shares traded in that company is 100. Here the return per share is 1000/100= Rs.10. Formula: Earnings per share = Net profit of the company / Total number of shares (2) P/E Ratio: Renowned investor and author of Warren Buffett , Benjamin Graham , has said that the P/E ratio must be observed in stock selection. This is the most important ratio in stock investing. The ratio of the market price of the stock to the earnings per share (EPS) is called Price to Earnings Ratio (P/E Ratio). Generally, a ratio below 25 is profitable. A company's P/E ratio should be compared with the average P/E ratio of the sector to which the company belongs. Better if the P/E ratio of the company is lower than the average P/E ratio of the sector. Also, it should be compared with the P/E ratio of the competing companies. A stock with a low P/E ratio is likely to give higher returns in the future. At the same time, the P/E ratio of the fastest growing companies can be as high as 40, 50 even. P/E ratio will be very high as many investors will come forward to pay premium price i.e. higher price when the company is estimated to grow well in the future. Paying attention to this and investing will be profitable. If the current P/E ratio is lower than the average of the last 3, 5 and 10 year P/E ratio, the future growth of the company is better; It can be concluded that the share price will also increase. Total number of shares traded in a company is 100. Assuming earnings per share is Rs.10 then P/E ratio is 100/10=10. That is, if the stock's P/E ratio is 10, to buy a share from the stock market, one needs to spend 10 times the earnings of the share. Simply put, this means that an investor pays Rs.10 to get Rs.1 in the company's earnings. Formula: P/E ratio= Current share price/ Earnings per share (3) P/EG ratio This is also the proportion Benjamin Graham tells us to observe. Based on this ratio it can be decided whether the company's future growth is priced at a discount or a premium. That means it can measure whether the stock is undervalued or overvalued. P/E Ratio / Earnings Growth Rate - PEG Ratio is obtained by dividing the P/E ratio by the company's expected earnings growth rate . This ratio should be calculated based on the expected revenue growth rate over various time periods. It is best to calculate on a long-term basis. Calculation based on next five year growth rate would be correct. A revenue growth rate of at least 25% is good. If this P/EG ratio is less than 1, it means that the share price is undervalued. A company stock with a P/E ratio of 25 and earnings growth of 25% has a P/EG ratio of 25/25=1. Formula: P/EG Ratio = P/E Ratio/ Company's Expected Earnings Growth (4) P/B ratio: The Price To Book Value Ratio ( P/BV Ratio) describes how much an investor is paying for every rupee of assets owned by the company . It is the ratio between share price and book value. Book value refers to how much a company would receive per share if it were sold for some reason. A company's P/P ratio should be compared with the average P/P ratio of the sector in which the company belongs . Better if the ratio of the company is lower than the average P/P ratio of the sector. Also, the P/P ratio of competing companies should be compared. Investing in stocks with a P/P ratio of less than 1.5 is likely to yield good long-term returns. Assuming the market price of a company share is Rs.100 and the book value of a share is Rs.150 then 100/150= 0.66. As the P/P ratio is less than 1.5, this company stock can be invested. Formula: P/PV ratio = Market price of share/ Book value of a share (5) Debt / Equity Ratio : The ratio of a company's total debt to its shareholders' equity is called Debt / Equity Ratio . Better if this ratio is less than 1. If a company has too much debt it is likely to become a big problem in difficult times. For example, during the Covid-19 crisis, companies with high debt and high interest rates were hit hard. When making an investment, you need to look at what a company is borrowing for. For expansion work, you can invest in that company stock. If you want to pay off the debt, you will continue to be a company with debt anyway, so you have to think carefully and take the decision. Also note the amount of interest on the loan. If the interest rate is very high then it is better to avoid investing in that company stock. Also, it is better to compare the debt/equity ratio of other companies in the sector and invest in the company stock with a lower ratio. If a company's debt is Rs.50 crore and its share capital is Rs.100 then debt/share capital = 50/100= 0.5. As it is less than 1 you can invest in this company stock. Formula: Total debt of the company / Total share capital of the company (6) Income from share capital..! Return On Equity (ROE ) indicates whether a company is getting good returns by investing the equity capital raised from its shareholders . This ratio is the company's net income divided by its share capital. Through this one can know the financial management skills of the management. The higher the ratio, the better. The higher the number, the more profitable the stock investment will be. Generally, anything above 20 percent is profitable. A company's net income is Rs. 50 and its share capital is Rs.200. Return on Equity = (50/200)100= 25%. As it is more than 20% you can invest in this company stock. Formula: ( Net Income / Share Capital)* 100 (7) Income from assets..! This also helps in knowing the financial management of a company. A company's net income divided by the value of total assets is Return On Assets (ROA) . The higher the ratio, the better. The higher the ratio, the higher the company's income; That may resonate with stock investing as well. Generally a couple of percentage points higher than the inflation rate is better. If the net income of a company is Rs.15 and the value of assets is Rs.100 then the return on assets is (15/100)100= 15%. Formula: ( Net Income / Value of Total Assets)*100 (8) Dividend Yield: Often profitable companies will continue to pay high dividends. This would be such percentage of the face value of the company share. If a company share has a face value of Rs 1, then the company pays a dividend of Rs 1 per share which is 100 percent. Let us assume that the face value of another company's share is Rs.10. If the company pays a dividend of Rs.1 it is 10%. In that way, rather than looking at the dividend percentage, you should look at how much in rupee terms. Specifically, look at the ratio of the share price to the amount of dividend paid in a year. If it is 4-5% then it can be concluded that it is a good company. Let us assume that the net profit of a company is Rs.1000. The company keeps Rs.500 out of it for future use. The remaining Rs.500 is distributed to equity investors. The company has a total of 100 shares. A dividend of Rs.5 per share is available. If share price is Rs.100 then dividend yield=(5/100)100 = 5%. The higher the dividend yield, the higher the profit for the investor. Real estate companies like Raid and Invit are paying high dividends. Investors who focus on dividend income may consider these for investment. Formula: Dividend Yield = (Annual Dividend per Share) / Share Price)*100 (9) Net Profit Ratio..! Increasing the sales of a company is the best thing. However, if the cost also increases significantly, the profit will not be as much as it can be said. In that sense it is important to observe the profitability ratio of a company. There are many types of profit ratio, to find the company's profit ratio, divide the company's profit by its sales. Gross profit is the result of subtracting the cost of sales from the company's sales . A company's profit after paying interest and income tax is the net profit . It should continue to increase. Should be 15-20%. This ratio is much higher in manufacturing companies. Investment decision should be made by comparing the net profit ratio of other companies in the particular industry sector. Most experts will tell you to analyze the fundamentals of that particular company before choosing a stock to invest in . Accordingly how many people can scrutinize the company's financial documents and take a decision. Choosing the right stock can be done by analyzing some specific financial ratios. The financial ratios mentioned here help to understand the true value of a company. Also, the financial strength of the company can be known. Finding these ratios is no big deal; As these ratios are available to everyone on the internet, one can easily analyze them and make stock investments. If you analyze the above ratios and invest based on them, you can expect good returns from equity investment in the long term. Beyond strong financial ratios…! We looked at key financial ratios that help us evaluate an individual company and its stock. Apart from these, the share price changes due to various factors. The stock price may fall due to various factors such as crude oil prices prevailing in the international market, war between countries, virus like Covid-19, financial crisis, economic recession etc. In the case of a good company stock, in such situations, if the stock price falls, additional investment will be profitable in the long run. (1)- Coal India is mainly engaged in mining and production of coal. Company has delivered good profit growth of 31.9% CAGR over last 5 years (2)- Diamines and Chemicals Ltd has been sole manufacturer of Ethyleneamines in india. Company has delivered good profit growth of 38.8% CAGR over last 5 years (3)- SKM Egg Products Export Ltd is manufacture and sale of egg powder and liquid egg with varieties of blends used in food industry and health sector.Company has delivered good profit growth of 127% CAGR over last 5 years. (4)- Coromandel international Ltd is agri solutions provider for the farming value chain. It specialises in fertilizers , crop protein, bio pesticides, speciality nutrients, organic fertilizers,etc. Company has delivered good profit growth of 38.8% CAGR over last 5 years (5)- Expleo Solutions Ltd is an Indian based software service provider primarily delivering software validation and verification services to the BFSI industry worldwide. Company has delivered good profit growth of 33% CAGR over last 5 years Formula: Company Profit Ratio = (Company Profit / Sales)100

R K G Capital Gains

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